Mai 18, 2012

Das Problem des anarchistischen Kommunisten

"Individualism (without quotes) may very comfortably be interpreted as a general name for persons bound to agree upon only one thing, which is that they are not bound to agree on anything else. But when one adds Communist one begins to represent a creed common to a good many others; and if one doesn't represent it correctly, one must immediately recant or—be excommunicated. I suspect the arguments presented by 'the imaginary Communist', which were really a condensation of those given by fifteen actual Communists in the discussions before mentioned, would be deemed heretical by M[ichael] Zametkin (in which case he must take to quotation marks), for it is well known that Communism itself has two individuals within its folds known as the State Communist and the Free Communist. Now, my friends, of whom the imaginary Communist was a composite, and who will be much surprised to learn on good Communistic authority that they are only straw men, belong to the latter variety sometimes called Anarchist-Communists. An Anarchist-Communist is a person who is a man first and a Communist afterward. He generally gets into a great many irreconcilable situations at once, believes that property and competition must die yet admits he has no authority to kill them, contends for equality and in the same breath denies its possibility, hates charity and yet wishes to make society one vast Sheltering Arms, and, in short, very generally rides two horses going in opposite directions at the same time. He is not usually amenable to logic; but he has a heart forty or fifty times too large for nineteenth century environments, and in my opinion is worth just that many cold logicians who examine society as a naturalist does a beetle, and impale it on their syllogisms in the same manner as the Emperor Domitian impaled flies on a bodkin for his own amusement. Besides, a free Communist when driven into a corner always holds to freedom first. The State Communist, on the other hand, is logical. He believes in authority, and says so. He ridicules a freedom for the individual which he believes inimical to the interests of the majority. He cries: 'Down with property and competition', and means it. For the one he prescribes 'take it' and for the other 'suppress it'. That is very frank."

Auszug aus: Voltairine de Cleyre, "A glance at communism", in The Twentieth Century vom 1. September 1892, jetzt in Gary Chartier u. Charles W. Johnson, Markets not capitalism. Individualist anarchism against bosses, inequality, corporate power, and structural poverty, London, New York, Port Watson, [2011], S.103-106; Zitat S.104.

Keine Kommentare: